How To Choose Metal Bands Saws For Your Project

A band saw is one of the pieces of equipment worth investing in if you’re looking to upgrade your power tool collection, so choosing the proper one is critical. It’s a miniature sawmill that can cut irregular forms. Resawing or ripping timber into thinner slabs is another common use. When using the right band saw blade, you can cut straight lines or curves in wood or metal.

A band saw is a multi-purpose tool that allows you to create various designs. When you have a well-tuned model, it can slice sweeping curves, make custom veneer, and even cut timber out of a log. Once you’re ready to look for one, this power tool is a worthy investment that’ll allow you to tackle various projects more efficiently. If it’s your first time, it can be a challenging task.

Here are several crucial components to think about to help you find the right one for your needs:

1.Assess The Cutting Capacity

In general, the diameter of a band saw’s wheels determines its performance. The throat width is roughly an inch narrower, indicating the largest board that may pass between the blade and the column. The resaw capacity is the maximum height or thickness you can cut.

A good start is considering a band saw within the 14-16-inch range. If you plan on working on complex projects, go for an 18- or 20-inch model. Additionally, choose a band saw with a minimum resaw height of 12 inches for versatility.

2.Consider The Frame Style

The popular models are the steel frames (European style) and cast-iron frames when it comes to the frame style. A cast-iron frame band saw has been around for many years. It comes in a 14″ platform with two massive machined castings and upper and lower sections.

A steel-frame band saw has been a popular choice in the European market and gained popularity in other countries. The saw has a one-piece frame made with heavy, welded sheet steel. It’s a popular choice because of its construction method, which allows higher cutting capabilities without losing deflection and strength.

3.Prioritize Blade Guides

When selecting a band saw, the quality of the blade guides should be a priority. Band saws have upper and lower guides, with each guide consisting of two components such as a trust support element and side supports.

Bearing blade guides are the most prevalent form and utilize sealed bearings to guide and support the blade.

Ceramic blade guides provide stability by utilizing ten contact points with the blade. Due to the lack of movable components, the ceramic material dissipates heat from the blade to ensure a longer lifespan to provide you with many years of use.

4.Determine The Power You Need

The horsepower required will depend on your cutting requirements, similar to other power tools. If you’re going to work on projects involving cutting thinner stock with minor resawing, a 1-1 1/2 horsepower is usually enough. Additionally, motors with a rating of 2 horsepower or higher will require a 220-volt electrical supply.

5.Know About The Bandsaw Blades

The properties of the band saw blades are also a consideration that depends on the cutting you’ll perform.

  • The width of the blade, measured from the points of the teeth to the back edge of the blade body, is an important consideration. It’s better to use the widest blade your machine will allow.
  • The tooth rake, which is the angle created by the tooth face, a line perpendicular to the back of the blade, is determined by the material and forms you’ll be working with.

A band saw’s blades can flex and shatter. With this in mind, consider models with blade tracking adjustment. It’ll help you keep track of your blades’ general wear and tear, saving you money on a pricey replacement in the future.

6.Find The Right Motor

The band saw’s motor comes in amps in both compact and benchtop sizes. Most can deliver up to 10 amps or more. These versions can provide the blade with enough power to cut through various materials. When it comes to the speed of the motor, it’s in feet per minute (FPM). It’s the amount of time it takes for the blades to move in a minute.

7.Check The Other Features Of The Bandsaw

Aside from the essentials, these are the other features worth checking out:

  • Wheels

A steel frame band saw usually has heavy cast-iron wheels, ensuring a powerful flywheel effect that provides a robust and steady cut. A blade tracks on rubber tires on the rims of the wheels. Note that the tires on most steel-frame models are flat or nearly flat, which helps track the blades an inch or more in width.

  • Spring

The spring is right behind the wheel and close to the upper part of the frame. It’d be best to go for one with a thick spring that you can readily adjust to maintain the proper blade tension.

  • Guidepost

The guidepost is another crucial component of a band saw. It contains the upper blade guide assembly and blade guard. You can adjust it with a rack and pinion to accommodate the thickness of the wood you want to cut.

Final Thoughts

If it’s your first time buying a band saw, it can be challenging to choose from the available models in the market. When you make an effort to learn how the tool works along with the essential features to watch out for, it’ll serve as a guide to help you find the suitable one for your specific wood or metal projects.


Tags: diy, diy wood projects, SAW

Author: Maja Markovski


A 35-year-old female architect with a passion for innovative, sustainable design. I blend creativity and functionality to transform spaces into beautiful, practical environments.


Recent posts in DIY

Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments