8 Different Types of Lighting and How To Choose The Right One For Your Home

A cozy, modern, comfortable, and rich-looking house must undergo the lighting project and, of course, the correct choice of each type of lighting. So it is! This important part of the composition of the environments needs special attention. And if you haven’t thought about it yet, it’s about time.

After all, you can even create a fantastic decoration, but without the proper lighting you will surely end up with that feeling that something is missing. So let’s better understand this subject and discover the different types of lighting that you can use there in your home?

Here are the types of lighting you can use in your home:

1. Direct lighting

Direct lighting, as its name suggests, is one that directly illuminates a specific place or object. This type of lighting is also often called a backup light. White light is also preferred in this case, as it has a greater illumination power and favors concentration.

Where and how to use direct lighting

Direct lighting can be used in any environment where targeted lighting is required, especially for performing tasks. Luminaires (ceiling or table), lamps, and chandeliers are the most common means of achieving this type of lighting.

In the kitchen, for example, it can be used on the food preparation counter. In the dining room, the direct lighting is perfect for the dining table, bringing a special light to the moment of meals. In rooms, direct lighting is usually added by pendant lamps next to the bed, being indicated for readings, for example. The same goes for living rooms. In that case, the direct light can be installed on the side table or come from a lamp.

The direct light in the home office is indicated to facilitate night work and must be directed on the workbench. The bathroom is another point in the house that takes advantage of this type of lighting. It can be installed next to the mirror, increasing the luminosity for the moment of personal care, such as shaving, fixing the hair, or doing the makeup.

2. Indirect lighting

Indirect lighting is used to create points of light in the environments, but without the objective of clarifying them. This type of light is usually installed on the ceiling in the form of directional spots. It is perfect for creating intimate and cozy climates.

Where and how to use indirect lighting

Indirect lighting goes very well in social environments, aimed at relaxation. For this very reason, it ends up being widely used in living rooms, dining rooms, and bedrooms. You can bring indirect lighting to your home by using spotlights on the ceiling or embedded in plaster moldings.

Another good alternative is the LED strips, including, which are a good option for those who have already completed the work and do not want to make a breaker. A tip: the ideal is that the surfaces where the indirect light will be reflected are white or transparent so that the lighting can be evenly distributed throughout the environment.

3. Diffuse lighting

Diffuse lighting is the most popular of all and the most common in homes. This type of light is the one installed in the center of the ceiling, popularly also known as central light.

Diffused lighting brightens the room smoothly and evenly without generating shadows or contrasts.

Where and how to use diffused lighting

Diffuse lighting can and should be used in all areas of the house, from the bedroom to the bathroom, through the living room and kitchen. Diffused light can be obtained by ceiling lights (built-in or overlapping) and lamps close to the ceiling.

4. Accent lighting

The accent lighting, as you may already imagine, has the purpose of highlighting and enhancing the decoration, including furniture, works of art, collections of textures, and different effects on the wall.

Where and how to use accent lighting

The best way to achieve accent lighting is through indirect light that can be achieved with LED strips and spots. The differential of this lighting is in the places where these light sources are installed, since the spots, for example, can be placed inside niches where the intention is to highlight a collection, for example.

5. Task lighting

Task lighting is widely used to improve visibility when performing manual or reading tasks.

Where and how to use task lighting

This type of lighting is suitable for environments such as home office, atelier, garages, or environments that need an extra supply of light, even the kitchen in case of any more detailed or detailed preparation. To get the task light, bet on lampshades, tables, or floor lamps.

6. Security lighting

The security lighting serves to improve the visibility of the residence, avoiding possible accidents and even offering protection against theft and robbery.

Where and how to use safety lighting

This type of lighting can be used inside and outside the home. A very interesting way of betting on this type of light is with automatic activation systems, where the lights are switched on alone whenever the sensor detects the presence of someone in the environment.

7. Passage or signaling lighting

Passage lighting is very common in corridors, stairs, and outdoor areas. They serve to drive and guide people during the night to protect them from accidents, such as falls, for example.

Where and how to use walkway or signaling lighting

To use walkway lighting, bet on floor spots, beacons, and LED strips around the path you want to highlight and signal.

8. External lighting

Every home needs good external lighting, either to enhance the façade or to increase the safety of residents and even the neighborhood.

Where and how to use external lighting

External lighting can be applied in gardens, walls, sidewalks, at the top of balconies, and overhangs, in addition to the entrance to garages.


Tags: 8 different types of lighting, decorations, home decor, interior design, lighting, types of lighting

Author: Renata Kralevska

Renata Kralevska

A passionate female writer, I specialize in articles about architecture and home interiors. I love sharing insights and inspiration to help readers create beautiful and functional living spaces.


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